Journal of the National Black Association for
Speech-Language and Hearing

The Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing (JNBASLH), formerly known as ECHO: The Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing, is the official peer-reviewed journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing. It is based in the United States and is an international, peer-reviewed e-journal concerning communication and communication disorders and differences within and across socially, culturally, and linguistically diverse populations, with an emphasis on those populations who are underserved.

ECHO: Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing 
ISSN: 1943-4316

JNBASLH: Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing (Spring 2017 - present)
ISSN: 2832-7403


Article Submission Notice: All manuscript submissions are currently on hold until a new Editorial team is established in Fall 2024. For more information please contact the NBASLH office at [email protected].


1.  Submission of Manuscripts

All manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter (e-mail). The corresponding author must, but not necessarily limited to, (1) request that the manuscript be considered for publication; (2) affirm that the manuscript has not been published previously, including in an electronic form; (3) affirm that the manuscript is not currently submitted elsewhere; (4) affirm that all applicable research adheres to the basic ethical considerations for the protection of human or animal participants in research; (5) note the presence or absence of a dual commitment; (6) affirm that permission has been obtained to include any copyrighted material in the paper; and (7) supply his or her business address, phone and fax numbers, and e-mail address. 

All manuscripts must be submitted electronically and must follow the style and preparation presented in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition, 2019).  See journal for exceptions to APA style.  Particular attention should be paid to the citing of references, both in the text and reference section.

Manuscript submissions and inquiries should be addressed to: [email protected]

2. Preparation of Manuscripts

Manuscripts must be written in English. Authors are referred to recent copies of the journal and are encouraged to copy the published format of papers therein.

Text should be supplied in a format compatible with Microsoft Word for Windows (PC). All manuscripts must be typed in 12pt font and in double-space with margins of at least 1-inch.  Charts and tables are considered textual and should also be supplied in a format compatible with Word. All figures, including illustrations, diagrams, photographs, should be supplied in .jpg format.

Authors must write clearly and concisely, stating their objectives clearly, defining their terms, and substantiating their positions with well-reasoned, supporting evidence.  In addition, they are encouraged to review articles in the area they are addressing which have been previously published in the journal and, where they feel appropriate, to reference them. This will enhance context, coherence, and continuity for readers.

3. Review Process

All submissions are considered by the editorial board. A manuscript will be rejected if it does not fall within the scope of the journal or does not meet the submission requirements.

Manuscripts deemed acceptable will be sent to a minimum of two reviewers. This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from each other throughout the review process. The Editor and Associate Editor will consider the reviews and make a decision regarding a manuscript. Decisions are made on a case-by-case basis, typically within 6 weeks from submission, and the Editor’s decision is final. 



The Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing welcomes submissions from researchers and clinicians interested in communication and language/literacy development, disorders, and differences in the context of the social, cultural, and linguistic diversity within and among countries around the world. It is especially focused on those populations where assessment and intervention services are limited and/or are administered in ways that are not culturally-sensitive and culturally-fair.  Authors can include, but are not limited to, speech-language pathologists, audiologists, speech scientists, psychologists, linguists, and sociologists.

Articles can cover any aspect of child or adult language/literacy, communication, and swallowing, including prevention, screening, assessment, intervention, and environmental modifications.  Additional topics may include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • communication breakdowns among persons due to culture, age, race, background, education, or social status.
  • use of the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) framework to describe communication use and disorders among the world’s populations.
  • communication disorders in underserved or marginalized populations around the world.
  • service delivery frameworks for countries’ minority populations, including those who are minorities for a variety of reasons including race, religion, or primary language spoken.
  • dialectical differences and their effects on communication among populations.
  • evidence base practice research with culturally and linguistic diverse populations.
  • provision of communication services in low income/resource countries.
  • provision of communication services in middle income/resource countries.
  • provision of communication services to immigrant and/or refuge populations.
  • effects of poverty on communication development and the provision of services.
  • education/training issues in serving diverse populations.
  • ethical issues in serving diverse populations.
  • role of religion in views of communication disability and its effect on service delivery.

Submissions may include:

  • research papers using quantitative or qualitative methodology
  • theoretical discussion papers
  • works using disability frameworks or models
  • critical clinical literature reviews
  • tutorials
  • clinical forums
  • description of clinical programs
  • scientifically conducted program evaluations demonstrating effectiveness of clinical protocols
  • scientific studies where the null hypothesis is accepted
  • case studies
  • letters to the editor.

Special issues of the journal concerning a specific topic may also be initiated by the Editor or suggested by an author.



JNBASLH is an open-access, not-for-profit journal that provides content to the public without cost. There are no charges to authors including processing, submission, or page charges. See Guidelines for Authors for information on submitting manuscripts. See the Aims and Scopes for an overview of journal content.

1. Open Access

JNBASLH provides open access to all publication content to the public without cost. The Budapest Open Access Initiative’s definition of open access is adhered to allowing “…free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.”

2. Charges

JNBASLH does not impose any charges to authors or readers. All content is available free of charge.

3. Copyright and Licensing

Authors retain copyright and publishing rights without restrictions and grant the journal right of first publication. By submitting a manuscript, authors grant JNBASLH a license to publish and distribute the work under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in JNBASLH. All manuscripts submitted are licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0. To view a copy of this license, visit .

This work is licensed under CC BY-NC 4.0

Authors who submit manuscripts must declare that their submission to JNBASLH is not simultaneously under consideration for publication in another journal and has not been published elsewhere previously.

4. Repository Policy

JNBASLH articles are published under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license; therefore, authors may share and distribute their article on non-commercial websites and repositories.

5. Publication Frequency

JNBASLH is published twice annually with additional Special Topic Issues published on occasion.

6. Archiving Policy (do not add yet; waiting on confirmation)

JNBASLH files are archived through the Bepress Archive, which uses Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3). Files receive a data integrity check upon upload and Amazon performs checksums and repairs corruption, if needed. Files are stored redundantly on multiple servers.

7. Publication Ethics and Research Misconduct Policy

JNBASLH’s prescribes to the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) regarding publication ethics and management of allegations of research misconduct. These guidelines are available at JNBASLH also prescribes to СОРE’s definition of ethical oversight, “Ethical oversight should include, but is not limited to, policies on consent to publication, publication on vulnerable populations, ethical conduct of research using animals, ethical conduct of research using human subjects, handling confidential data and of business/marketing practices”. Based on this definition, the editorial board of JNBASLH continually works to observe the ethical principles.

Authors are required to read the journal’s guidelines for authors and ethical policies carefully and to ensure adherence prior to submission. Authors should identify and report potential conflicts of interest prior to submitting a manuscript.


Each author included is suspected to have made significant contributions to the concept or design of the work; analysis or interpretation of data; or have drafted or revised it. For a more detailed description of types of contributions, authors can view information found here.

Research Misconduct Procedures

All instances of research misconduct or publication ethics should be reported to the editorial board at [email protected]. A report of research misconduct may be related to a published article or a manuscript under peer-review process. The following procedure will be implemented when instances of for the application and management of complaints of author misconduct should proceed with sensitivity, tact, in confidence, and in the following manner:

  1. The editorial board receives a complaint related to ethics or research misconduct.
  2. The complainant needs to clearly indicate the specific manner and detail of misconduct.
  3. The editorial board will investigate and the corresponding author(s) of the suspected manuscript/article will be contacted.
  4. Following the investigation, the corresponding author(s) will be asked to provide an explanation with factual statements and any available evidence.
    1. If the author(s) of the suspected article accepts the misconduct complaint, the editorial board will take the following actions depending on the situation:
      1. If the article has been published, an erratum or retraction may be necessary to remedy the situation. However, there may still be disagreement concerning the appropriate wording of the description.
      2. If the misconduct is reported during the review process, the review process may continue, with the author(s) making the relevant changes.
  5. In the case of nonresponse in the stipulated time or an unsatisfactory explanation, the article may be permanently retracted or rejected. Before deciding, confirmation will be sought from the experts of the relevant institution or other authorities as required.
  6. The complainant will be informed of the outcome once the issue is resolved.
  7. The case will be concluded upon resolve of the issue.

Data Sharing and Reproducibility

Authors agree to make data and materials supporting the results or analyses presented in their paper available upon reasonable request. It is up to the author to determine whether a request is reasonable. Please note that data should only be shared if it is ethically correct to do so, where this does not violate the protection of human subjects, or other valid ethical, privacy, or security concerns.

Reviewers (Alphabetically)

Yolanda Bell, North Carolina Central University

Margaret Blake, University of Houston

Virginia Dubasik, Bowling Green State University

E. Susan Duncan, Louisiana State University

Tomma Henckel, University of Massachusetts

Stephanie Lebsack, Baylor University

Jay R. Lucker, Howard University

Mary Mitchell, Pacific University

Jasmyne Speller, Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions

Dawn Stanley, Jackson State University

Ruixia Yan, North Carolina Central University



The Journal of the National Black Association for Speech-Language and Hearing is not responsible for the claims and findings that researchers and others make, or imply, or the accuracy and authenticity of information that is released in the journal.  Authors are expected to have research data that substantiates their claims.  The editorial board reserves the right to refuse, reject, or cancel an article for any reason at any time without liability.




Term: June 1, 2021 - June 30, 2024

Crystal Randolph, PhD, CCC-SLP is an associate professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Valdosta State University. She teaches courses related to evidence-based practice in clinical practice, speech sound disorders, and language development. Dr. Randolph received her Bachelor of Arts degree in Speech Pathology and Audiology from South Carolina State University. She received her Master of Communication Disorders degree from the University of South Carolina and Doctor of Philosophy degree from Louisiana State University. Dr. Randolph has published in the areas of early literacy interventions, multicultural competence and counseling in communication sciences and disorders (CSD), and supervision practices in CSD. Dr. Randolph is a reviewer for multiple journals and has served on the editorial boards for the Journal of Communication Disorders and Assistive Technology and the Journal of Phonetics and Audiology. She also served on the editorial advisory board for an upcoming book, Critical Perspectives on Social Justice in Speech Language Pathology.

Associate Editors

June 1, 2021 - June 30, 2024

Geoffrey A. Coalson, PhD, CCC-SLP is a Clinical Associate Professor at the Arthur M. Blank Center for Stuttering Education and Research at the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to this role, Dr. Coalson served as an Associate Professor in the Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and the Founding Director of the LSU Stuttering Lab. Dr. Coalson received his BS in Communication Sciences and Disorders and BA in Psychology from UT-Austin (2005), and his MS in Speech-Language Pathology from Vanderbilt University (2008). He returned to UT-Austin to complete his PhD in Speech-Language Pathology (2013). Previous research has focused on the contribution of phonetic and phonological factors to stuttering, with a secondary interest in the description of multilingual speakers in stuttering research. Current research projects focus on the relationship between working memory and inhibition in adults who stutter, as well as clinical efficacy of stuttering treatment.


Term: June 1, 2023 - June 30, 2026

Stephen Enwefa, PhD, CCC-SLP, ND is a Professor in the Department of Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology at Southern University A&M College. Prior to this role, Dr. Enwefa served as Department Chair. Dr. Enwefa received his BS degree in Chemistry and Master of Public Administration at Grambling State University. Also, Dr. Enwefa received Master of Arts Degree in Speech and Hearing Sciences from the University of Illinois and PhD in Communication Sciences and Disorders from Howard University and a Certificate in Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in the Workplace from University of South Florida. Dr. Enwefa continued on with further studies and interest and obtained Doctor of Naturopathy degree from Trinity College of Natural Health. Dr. Enwefa’s research interests focus is on neurodegenerative disorders in children and adults, study abroad and international issues in speech-language pathology in Africa, diversity, equity, and inclusion in speech-language pathology, dysphagia, higher education, administration, public policy, and leadership. Dr. Enwefa has published extensively including journal articles, monographs, book chapters, and books. Dr. Enwefa is a Board Certified Holistic Health Practitioner, from the American Association of Drugless Practitioners, and Board Certified Alternative Medical Practitioner, from the American Alternative Medical Association. He specializes in herbs, nutrition, functional medicine, myofascial release, and homeopathy. Dr. Enwefa has served on several editorial boards for the Online Journal of Neurology and Brain Disorders, Journal of Communication Disorders and Assistive Technology, Journal of Beyond Behavior, Foxwell & Davis Publishers, Interactive Multimedia Electronic Journal of Computer Enhanced Learning, and the International Journal of Teaching and Learning.


Journal Office Contact Information

Email Us 
Phone: (919) 661-0820

701 Exposition Place | Suite 206
Raleigh, NC | 27615